One of the most vivid arithmetic failings displayed by Americans occurred in the early 1980s, when the A&W restaurant chain released a new hamburger to rival the McDonald’s Quarter Pounder. With a third-pound of beef, the A&W burger had more meat than the Quarter Pounder; in taste tests, customers preferred A&W’s burger. And it was less expensive. A lavish A&W television and radio marketing campaign cited these benefits. Yet instead of leaping at the great value, customers snubbed it.

Only when the company held customer focus groups did it become clear why. The Third Pounder presented the American public with a test in fractions. And we failed. Misunderstanding the value of one-third, customers believed they were being overcharged. Why, they asked the researchers, should they pay the same amount for a third of a pound of meat as they did for a quarter-pound of meat at McDonald’s. The “4” in “¼,” larger than the “3” in “⅓,” led them astray.

But our innumeracy isn’t inevitable. In the 1970s and the 1980s, cognitive scientists studied a population known as the unschooled, people with little or no formal education. Observing workers at a Baltimore dairy factory in the ‘80s, the psychologist Sylvia Scribner noted that even basic tasks required an extensive amount of math. For instance, many of the workers charged with loading quarts and gallons of milk into crates had no more than a sixth-grade education. But they were able to do math, in order to assemble their loads efficiently, that was “equivalent to shifting between different base systems of numbers.” Throughout these mental calculations, errors were “virtually nonexistent.” And yet when these workers were out sick and the dairy’s better-educated office workers filled in for them, productivity declined.

The unschooled may have been more capable of complex math than people who were specifically taught it, but in the context of school, they were stymied by math they already knew. Studies of children in Brazil, who helped support their families by roaming the streets selling roasted peanuts and coconuts, showed that the children routinely solved complex problems in their heads to calculate a bill or make change. When cognitive scientists presented the children with the very same problem, however, this time with pen and paper, they stumbled. A 12-year-old boy who accurately computed the price of four coconuts at 35 cruzeiros each was later given the problem on paper. Incorrectly using the multiplication method he was taught in school, he came up with the wrong answer. Similarly, when Scribner gave her dairy workers tests using the language of math class, their scores averaged around 64 percent. The cognitive-science research suggested a startling cause of Americans’ innumeracy: school.

(via suhblahym)
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  • #back to school
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[al-Ahzaab 33:59]

Women, our Black women wore decent clothing, their dresses were long, not short. Women in those days had decent restraints in them. There were not shyless. They would not dare put on a dress that would bring shame and disgrace to them.

I am talking about Black women, who unashamed in the public, their dresses were down and their morals high. Men respected women in those days, because they carried themselves in a decent and respectful manner. Women were women in those days, they loved decency : this made them admired and honorable.

They walked graceful and dignified. Today you can’t tell a decent woman from an indecent woman. They all look alike, because they all dress alike, their clothing is unfit for a decent woman to wear. A man will respect a decently dressed woman, but he does not respect an indecently dressed woman.

She displays her body like a merchant does his merchandise, it is on sale to the public. So, when a wicked man sees a woman’s body displayed in a nude manner, he thinks of her as he would merchandise. A decent woman distinguishes herself by dressing in a manner becoming to the standard of a decent society.

…A man loves and admires a decently dressed woman; he cannot help himself from showing respect to a decently dressed woman; he cares nothing for an indecently dressed woman…Black man, you must stand up for decency; you cannot have a clean civilization with an unclean woman…

Karriem Allah  (via collctr)
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When you walk into your home after being gone all day, do you inspect every room to make sure everything is as you left it? If someone was in your home when you arrived what would you do? Do you take the same route home everyday without fail?

Do you look in your backseat and the trunk of your vehicle each time you enter it? Do you put your babies in first then unpack the grocery cart? What if someone or a crew was hiding or quickly approaching you before you could get in/lock the doors/drive off…how would you handle it….with your precious babies in tow?

Are you critical of who you let in your home? Do you bring your man up in the spot around your budding dawtas? Let him spend the night…and have him watch your children while you make a run to the store?

Are you at all security conscious? Are you aware of your surroundings and the potential dangers that lurk about preying on people who are not watchful?

Do you carry an aura with you that if someone was thinking about doing you harm, your energy field would make their instinct shift and be frightened away from you?

Many are not understanding the vitalness of securing themselves, their families or their property. Should these situations manifest, they would be caught off guard for being an easy target. Preventive Measures. Arrange in your mind possible scenerios of what could go wrong and develop strategies of how to avoid them and how to get out of them if they arise. Study military science. Take self defense classes. Train your bodies with regular exercise (especially in strength and endurance). Learn how to disarm someone if they draw a weapon on you. Stop putting your moves online ahead of time… and be mindful what you post about your children.

If you cannot detect by now that we have an open enemy, you had better realize it and understand it quick. Never underestimate the hand of those who really don’t have the interest of us in their hearts. The crucifixions in the streets are evidence that they really don’t give a damn about our lives. Wake up. Prepare yourselves. No more ‘business as usual’.

one of our Righteous Sisters (via collctr)
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